The Steel-making Process

New steel can be created from scrap and iron ore. Various grades are produced by adding other elements that include nickel and chromium. The process of steel-making has been around for hundreds of years. It was only in the mid-19th century that it became the industry we see today. The crucible process was the first steel-making process and it made the steel by melting cast iron, iron and sometimes steel, along with other materials such as sand, glass and ashes in a crucible. A crucible is a container that has the ability to withstand high temperatures and were historically made from clay. 


Modern Steel-making Processes

That process gave way to the more modern Bessemer process and Siemens-Martin process, which turned steel-making into a profitable industry. The modern steel-making process can be divided two categories:

  1. primary
  2. secondary.

In primary steel-making, liquid iron is converted from a blast furnace into steel via basic oxygen steel-making, or melting scrap steel. Whereas secondary steel-making involves the refining of the crude steel before casting. During this process, also known as secondary metallurgy, alloying agents are added, then dissolved gases are lowered in the steel, and finally inclusions are removed or changed chemically to ensure that the steel is of the highest quality. Due to these reusable aspects of this metal, it is a very common type of scrap metal found on Long Island. 

Scrap Metal Location

Irving's Recyclables is a trusted disposal site for many recycled scrap metals. We are conveniently located in Amityville, Long Island. For more information about our scrap metal services, please contact us today. By recycling scrap metal, you are not only making a few extra dollars, but you are helping save the environment as well. Call (631) 842-1222 today to speak to our office.